India is considered as one of the fastest growing economies in the world.The current government claims to make India a superpower by 2020.But these things are far from the facts.
India has a home based economy with a population of around 1.2 billions people.even though its less than that of China with China being around 3 times bigger than India.This tells us how strained are the resources in India.
Be it agriculture or industry,power has become a crucial factor for development of a country.India being an agricultural based economy needs power for water pumps and machinery to process grains and other agricultural yields.
Still power is considered as a luxury and most of the Indians have accepted their fate and do not complain about the darkness.
No other state than Gujarat in India can boast of providing 24 hours of power in India.Even industrial cities like Noida and Gurgaon near Delhi and Thane and Navi Mumbai near Mumbai cannot have that privilege.With such miserable conditions topped with monsoon dependent water supply,India still dreams thanks to incompetent governance and Indian mentality of settling for the least and worst.
According to figues given my Indian ministry of Power,total power genrated annually is around 203GW.It means the per person power availability is just 163W.Considering the fact that a ceiling fan consumes around 80W and a tubelight consumes around 40W ,163 seems very less.
Let us roughly analyse the power situation in India and the reason where lot of work has to be done.
Almost 60% of the power generated in India is by thermal power stations where coal is the major resource.India has its fair share of coal with around 9 active coal minining zones spread unevenly across the country,but most of the coal has lower calorific value and the efficiency is just aound 0.5kg per kWh of electricity.
India also has been one of the most polluted countries in the world and thermal power is not helping their cause to reduce pollution.The CO2 levels are alarming for Indians.
Thermal is followed by hydro power generation which amounts to almost 20%.Northern India has water supplies from perennial rivers but central and south India are completely monsoon dependent on water.Tamil Nadu happens to be dependent on Karnataka,Andhra and Kerala for most of its water.
Hydro power generation seems a challenge for India since water management is absent.Though there are 1000s of dams in India not all of them get full after monsoon hence hydro power generation becoming a challenge.Hydro power projects in Himachal Pradesh and North East India only seem to be the regular power churners for India.While Hydro projects in western and southern India are inconsistent.
The third largest power generation source in India is through renewable energies like biomass,sun,wind and tidal.
India though not being a windy country,wind energy tops the charts amounting to 80% of the renewable energy.Followed by micro hydro power generation as showed in Hindi Film Swades amounting to 15% of renewable energy.
India being livestock rich and huge population produces thousands of metric tonnes of bio-waste everyday.Inspite of early awareness of bio gas and bio-fuels , biomass generated energy figures are very low.No major Indian cities have tried to emulate Sao Paulo model by generating power from solid waste management generating a whopping 1.7GW of electricity annually.
India boasts 300 days of sunshine with states like Rajasthan,Haryana,Punjab along with northern Gujrat and interiors of Maharashtra having more than 330days of bright sunshine,Solar happens contribute less than 2GW of totaly energy produced.
Indians simply fail to understand the life of solar panel and how their investments are an upfront payment for electricity generation of next 10 years minimum.
Indian government is still appealing the mass to replace bulbs with CFL while rest of the world is substituting CFL with LEDs.
The another major power mismanagement issue is power distrubutin and transmission.Although on paper the Power Ministry claims 10% transmission and distribution losses,as per international figure the losses are more than 20% and too high for a ” want to be a super power country”.Use of cheap equipments and cabling along with power theft are responsible for the power losses in India.
Nuclear Energy is the only cheapest way for India to generate electricity in bigger quantity.But Indians are too scared to accept it since there have been many disasters due to complacency in India in the past.
Tidal energy has been put to great use by Tamil Nadu state government.They have set up a huge cluster of windmills near Kanyakumari to generate consistent power within the windy Indian ocean.
Gujarat state government played a master stroke by commissioning more than 10 solar parks in the state making them the biggest solar park in Asia.
Gujarat has showed rest of the country by being the only surplus state who can afford to sell electricity to mismanaged states of Maharashtra and Rajasthan.
Lot of educated people with eco-friendly lifestyles have chosen Solar off-grid solutions for themselves inspite of getting 24 hour electricity supply in cities like Mumbai.
I hope this article proves to be an eye opener for Indians who are ready to buy expensive phones and laptops and tablets but would not take Solar for solving their power crisis.
It is time for Indians to take a step ahead and adopt a Solar solution for their own house.if each one thinks reduces their power dependency on main grids by 30% India will become power sufficient by 2020 for sure.
Feel free to comment or ask queries about solar integration.Email id is firstname.lastname@example.org.Do not forget that renewable is the only option for an overpopulated country like India.
Go Green,Go Clean,Go Solar!